Before the creation of the modern chainsaws and logging machinery, the hard work of the lumber industry was done by men known as lumberjacks. In the late 19th and early 20th century, lumberjacks worked out of remote camps in the Pacific Northwest of the United States.
These men developed a process and division of labor to transform a mighty tree into kindling by hand. "Fallers" did the actual job of felling a tree with axes and saws. Once felled and delimbed, a tree was either cut into logs by a "bucker," or skidded/hauled to a railroad or river for transportation. Sometimes chutes with flowing water called log flumes were built to transport logs down mountainous terrain.
The actual work was difficult, dangerous, sporadic, low-paying, and primitive in living conditions, but the men built a traditional culture that celebrated strength, masculinity, confrontation with danger, and resistance to modernization.
Here's some old photos of lumberjacks prior to modern technology and machinery.
*we hold no rights to these images